The period from about 750 to 1100 was the Viking Age in Europe: during the period ships carried raiders, traders and colonists from pagan Scandinavia into Latin Christendom, the river ways of Eastern Europe, and the uncharted islands of the North Atlantic. Seen alternatively as a destructive scourge or as enterprising pioneers, the Vikings capture the imagination of succeeding generations. Studying the Vikings entails the interpretation of scanty material and writing evidence using continuously developing scholarly methods and theories.